As I mentioned
in the previous lesson, besides verbal language there is also body
language (movements, gestures, attitudes, etc) all of which you are
usually not conscious of, nor know how they work.
body language, the speaker transmits messages: nerves, shyness,
security, confidence, enthusiasm, doubts, etc.
moment you get to the stage, your hand movements, facial expressions,
posture, movements on the stand, eye contact, etc are all transmitting
captures all of these things clearly.
these messages are the opposite to what the speaker is trying to
communicate with his/her verbal language.
example, the president of the company is telling his employees what
most worries him is their wellfare, but througout the speech he
does not look once at his employees.
way to perceive this body language is to tape it on video.
of us will be surprised: nervous tics, restless hands that don't
stop moving, contrary gestures, looks towards the ceiling, unyielding
given its importance in relation to communication, it is an aspect
that you need to work on in the rehearsals.
moment you go up onto the stand you should be able to use this body
language in a positive way, providing a connexion with the public,
re-inforcing your image.
to transmit serenity and naturalness, avoiding gestures, attitudes
or movements that show the contrary.
have to get on the stage with confidence, calmly (speed denotes
nervousness and insecurity).
the speech it is a good idea to move around the stage, don't remain
in one place, but control the movements, avoiding strolling without
reason. Movement breaks monotomy and helps to capture the public's
the speech is read you can not move around at all, but you should
maintain a comfortable posture, up right, although try to be natural
and not forced, without clutching the stand (feeling of insecurity).
the speaker is seated he should try to sit up with the aim of enhancing
his figure so that he doesn't look lost behind the table (visual
contact is fundamental to establish a communication with the public).
it is possible (for example in a class room) it is advisable to
move between the audience, help break distances, transmiting an
image of closeness.
have to try and get over your shyness, as this transmits insecurity
and makes the connection with the public difficult.
facial expressions should be relaxed: a smile serves to win over
the public, whilst a stiff expression provokes rejection.
hand movements should be rehearsed. Hands that don't stop moving
giving off a bad impression, as do hands that don't move.
movements should be elegant. The hands should be used to emphasize
what you are saying, so that your voice and gestures are coordinated,
underlining the crucial points of the speech.
situation of the speaker on the stage also transmits subliminal messages:
up, in the centre of the stage: authority.
down, on one side of the stage: more relaxed attitude, less solemn.