The Capitalist Mode of Production
According to the Marxist point of view, the ‘mode of production’ of a specific age/era is equal to, as we saw previously, to the existing relationship between ‘productive forces’ and ‘relations of production’ of that time.
This can be summarized in the following diagram:
In other words, the process is the same for any age/time/era. The only thing that changes is the relationship established between the four elements involved (Object, product, human activity and instruments, also called ‘means of work’). Let's examine these concepts a little further:
- RAW MATERIAL (substance obtained directly form nature or substance which has been modified by work).
- IN A STRICT SENSE (things the worker interposes directly between himself and the object on which he is working: tools)
- IN A WIDE SENSE (all the necessary material conditions to make work possible).
means of production = Object + Means of work (in a wide sense)
- VALUE OF USE (every Object which responds to a specific human need).
PROCESS OF PRODUCTION = Work Process which takes place under specific relations of production
SOCIAL DIVISION OF WORK = Distribution of the different tasks which individuals perform in society:
- Workers: NON-OWNERS OF the means of production
- Workers: OWNERS OF the means of production.